Major William
Mountjoy Garrard

Esquire

 

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White Pine News, December 9, 1873

 

     

Carson Tribune, May 28, 1882

 

Carson City Veterans 1883

Carson City Morning Appeal
June 1, 1883

 



CORRECTION (text from above):

March, 12, 1885, Carson City:
"The report in yesterday's Enterprise that Major Garrard had left for Washington to apply for the Mint appointment is an error. Major Garrard attended the late Superintendent Crawford's funeral yesterday. "



 

Virginia City Chronicle, Octoer 12, 1886



Carson City Chess Club,
October 26, 1883


Joe Douglass Obituary, Virginia City, Nevada

Passing of an Old Friend - Joe Douglass,
Virginia City, Nevada - February 1900



How to Pronounce the name
"Garrard" on YouTube


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

KENTUCKY ROOTS

    

1822: William Mountjoy Garrard was born in Goose Creek Salt Works, Kentucky, March 17, 1822 to Daniel Garrard (age 42) and Lucinda Jane Toulmin Garrard (age 31). He was the grandson of Kentucky's second Governor James Garrard.


William Garrard, 1847 Military Enlistment - Click here for full size image

1846 to 1848: William was a 25 year old lawyer when he enlisted and served in Company E, 16th US Infantry as a lieutenant in Cerralvo, Mexico. Garrard honorably served under his brother Captain Theophilus Garrard, who was a well liked officer. They were lucky and did not see combat, Theophilus stated, "I think the 8 months I stayed there were the most pleasant part of my life. The Mexicans were fond of us. We had no trouble with them. The climate was pleasant and everything went well." Later on Theophilus fought for the Union during the Civil War and was promoted to Brigadier General. William was promoted to the rank of Major at a later date.

1849: After the War William and Theophilus emigrated to California. William had success mining in Angels Camp, however Theophilus relocated back to Kentucky in 1850 to run the Garrard family's Goose Creek Salt Works. In 1852 William returned to Kentucky to bring his wife Mary Rebecca Woodson Garrard and their 6 children back to California, in 1853 they emigrated overland via Sonora Pass. Sonora Pass Pioneers .

1850 to 1860: The Garrard family ranch was located in Collegeville, San Joaquin County, near the ranch of his good friend and cousin Lewis Bradley. During this time Garrard was president of the California State Agricultural Society, he gave this inspirational Opening Address at the Annual Fair in 1857 Garrard was also a delegate for the Big Trees Wagon Road convention of 1857 planning and lobbying for the route from Murphy's, California to Carson Valley, Nevada. The 1860 census finds the Garrard family living in Santa Clara, California.


EARLY NEVADA

1862: During the tremendous California floods of 1861-62 William Garrard and Lewis Bradley lost much of their property and cattle stock. This catastrophe along with the allure of the Comstock boom, influenced both families to relocate to Nevada. In 1865 William Garrard claimed (or purchased) the Buehla Copper Mine near the Ludwig Mine in Mason Valley, he owned this productive mine for the next 34 years and sold it in 1898 to a London Firm for $100,000.00.

1870: The Garrards, including their 3 youngest children, were living in Virginia City accoring to the 1870 Census, his occupation was now listed as miner. From 1875 to 1879 William Garrard served as the private secretary to his old friend Lewis "Broadhorns" Bradely who was governor of Nevada from 1871-1879. The family moved to Carson City, close to the capital building, on the northwest corner of Second and Nevada Streets. His daughter Lucy Campbell's home is pictured below.


In 1876 Frank Campbell and his wife,
Garrard's youngest daughter Lucy Garrard Campbell built
what is known today as the Chartz House in Carson City.


1880 : The 1880 Census recorded Major William Garrard, occupation lawyer, at the Paiute Pyramid Lake Reservation. His family is not with him on this government assignment.

                  

1850, 1870, 1880 U.S. Census - Click Images for full size versions


GOVERNOR'S SECRETARY

Major Garrard served as private secretary for Nevada's second Governor Lewis R.Bradley during1871-1879, and fourth Governor Jewett W. Adams during 1883-1887


NEVADA STATE PRISON

Grass Valley Morning Union, February 16 1881
FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT, Carson City, Nevada
"William Garrard, the newly elected Slate Prison Warden, took his office yesterday. His election is regarded with favor by all parties, and having been the Private Secretary of the late Governor Bradley, and the reputed author of the latter's Bullion tax veto, the Major's election is considered a compromise between the Bonanza and the anti-Bonanza rings of the Democratic party. Major Garrard is a Kentuckian by birth, a Mexican War veteran, and an old Californian, an early resident of San Joaquin county. He was a stock man in early times, and many an old Grass Valleyan has partaken of Major Garrard's juicy beef."

WILLIAM GARRARD. A Few Words to Petty Scribblers Who Attack This Man Under False Names. Eureka Daily Sentinel, October 24, 1882

SOME PRISON HISTORY AND THE RESULTS. When William Garrard took possession of the State Prison as the duly elected Warden in 1881... he found over thirty prisoners carrying balls and chains. Carson City Daily Appeal, November 25, 1912

Eureka Daily Sentinel, January 6,1883,
WILLIAM GARRARD. The State Prison Under His Management.

A correspondent of the Reno Gazette says: A visit to the State Prison Sunday afternoon was enjoyable. Major Garrard has kept that institution up to its former standard of excellence, and has made a most efficient Warden. In this connection it may be well to say that the Republicans must use excellent judgment in selecting a candidate as his successor if they expect to elect him. Warden Garrard will make a splendid showing. His administration has been very successful; in fact, nearly perfect. He has used good judgment in looking after the many duties of this important office and deserves great credit. The place is as clean and neat in every department as soap, water and muscle can make it. The prisoners are as contented as men deprived of their liberty could well be, and look healthy.

The shoe shop has been well conducted, and Foreman Burlington has manufactured nothing but first-class goods, which Warden Garrard has disposed of. They only have about $4,000 in manufactured stock on hand. At the present time there are but 213 convicts, at the January meeting of the Board of Pardons that number will most likely be reduced some. His appropriation was $100,000. Of this amount about $98,000 has been used. The number of convicts for the two years will average probably 125 to 126, about 20 less than under Batterman’s administration. Major Garrard expects his party to stand by his official record, and if 8 Republican members think him as good as anybody else and think it for the interest of the State to retain him he will of course accept the trust for another term. For the full newspaper page visit:Chronicling America Library of Congress


CARSON CITY MINT

1885-1889: William Garrard was appointed Superintendent of the U.S. Mint in Carson City by President Grover Cleveland.

Carson City Morning Appeal, February 7, 1890,
A Little Bit of Mint History.

The Mint at Carson was established by an act of Congress approved March 3, 1863, but coinage operations were not commenced until January 1870. James Crawford was Superintendent from September 9, 1874, until his death March 8, 1885. William Garrard was then appointed, and assumed his duties April 1, 1885. Levi Dague, the Coiner, was suspended April 1, 1885 to make place for Joseph R. Ryan, who was in turn suspended in the following August because coinage operation had ceased. The last coins from the Carson City Mint bear the date of 1885, and the presses have not been run since April 1, 1885. Up to that time the Mint had coined a total of $35,735,813, including $16,595,845 in gold and the remainder in silver. The smallest amount coined was during the first year of the operation of the Mint, when the total was $215,000, and the largest amount was $6,402,215 in 1876. CARSON CITY *Minting resumed in 1889



Carson City Morning Appeal, March 26, 1885
It was generally thought that Senator Fair would control all of Nevada's Federal patronage under the new administration, but the appointment of Garrard as Superintendent of the Carson Mint would seem as if Adams had it. Garrard was one of the chief of those who caused Mr. Fair to be so terribly snubbed at the Austin State Convention. This was generally thought to be in the interest of Adams' Senatorial desires, and as Fair never forgets an injury and is said to have aspirations to succeed himself, it is hardly his style to give the chief place in his power to Mr. Garrard. However, this conundrum is none of our pie and we pass it along to Hagerman, McCarty and others to chew upon. Or maybe Mr. Fair is doling out offices to make himself "solid" with the dear boys. You cannot always sometimes tell about those little things. - Silver State.


THE BOSS IS IN CARSON. Senator Fair came up on yesterday morning's train, and after registering at the Arlington House, walked up to the U.S. Mint to take a look around. Carson City Morning Appeal, April 23, 1885


CARSON CITY MINT - THEFT INVESTIGATION 1895, PHOTO BELOW:
Major Garrard was Carson City Mint Superintendent 1885 - 1889. He served many important government postitions with dignity and honor and was acquitted of any suspicion during the theft investigations. The losses during Superintendent Hofer's mint tenure during 1892-1894 were never accounted for.


Carson City Mint Investigation, Cashiers Office 1895

Click Here for full size image. Photo Courtesy of Nevada State Museum, Carson City


CARSON MINT CALLED A "FENCE"
"The Mining Stock Association of this city is preparing an important document for the use of Government officials who are now trying to find out how a shortage of $60,000 has occurred at the United States Mint at Carson..."
San Francisco Call, March 24, 1895  

Carson City Mint Called a Fence, March 24, 1895     

Reno Gazette, April 9, 1895
CARSON MINT STEAL
The Shortage Is Known to Be Eighty Thousand Dollars. ARRESTS WILL FOLLOW. For Over Five Years the Pilfering Has Been Going On Without Detection. HOW THE WORK WAS DONE. Deposits of Rich Bars Substituted by Metal Containing Less Than Credited.

RENO, The Gazette this evening publishes the following concerning the Carson Mint scandal : John T. Jones, assistant melter and refiner of the United States Branch Mint at Carson, and Ernest Harris, melter in the I melter and refiner's department, were suspended this morning. This may or may not be an indication of what will shortly follow.

The Gazette has positive information that the mint shortage amounts to $80,000 and covers a period of about five years, running back to the time that S. 0. Wright was Superintendent, then through the two years of T. R. Hofer's administration. Hofer was appointed Superintendent at the time of the death of Wright, in the summer of 1892, and the shortage continued during the present administration.

The bullion on hand has all been reassayed to ascertain if the value stamped on the "shoes" or bars tally with their true value. It is needless to say that it does not. Inspector Mason is making a most thorough examination into Mint affairs and will undoubtedly succeed in placing the theft where it rightfully belongs.

The inspector found that one deposit, containing about $23,000, one-half of which was gold, had been substituted by bars which are valued at only $2000, principally silver, while the original contained a large percentage of gold. The genuine bars contained 482 1/2 fine grains of gold and 500 fine in silver and 17 1/2 base, maxing the 1000 grains, which is the standard. Approximately the spurious bars only contained 24 fine in gold and the balance in silver. This transaction alone shows a shortage of about $21,000 and leaves a further stealing of about $80,000 yet to be accounted for, and which may have been taken during the process of refining.

A bar to be refined containing gold, silver and base is sent to the refining department and there undergoes either a sulphuric or nitric acid process. In the sulphuric acid process a bar of bullion is placed in a pot over the furnace, sulphuric acid is poured into the pot over the bar and heat applied. After a certain degree of heat is attained the bullion is dissolved, the silver and other metal becoming a liquid, the gold precipitating. The liquid is then siphoned off and placed in a large leaden vat, In mint parlance called a "house," in the bottom of which are pipes containing hot water and steam, in order to keep the liquid hot. In the bottom of this "house" are a great many bars of copper. Blue vitriol (sulphate of copper) is then poured in and another chemical action then takes place, which causes the silver and other metals in solution to be
precipitated.

As there is great affinity between them and the copper bars, the molten metal is deposited thereon and they are afterward taken out and the silver and other metals obtained by scraping them. The precipitated gold, which is described above, undergoes a certain process called "sweating," after which it is ready to be run into bars by itself. Gold in this State is necessarily very fine — almost pure, being nearly 1000 fine.

A Gazette reporter saw United States District Attorney Jones and endeavored to find some information concerning the Mint shortage, but he declined to give out any information except to state that important arrests would be made in a short time and that there may be great surprises when the names are known. Mr. Jones said that the Government has a full corps of men in various departments at various places procuring the necessary proof to warrant arrests, and that, notwithstanding the great ingenuity of the criminals in their operations, a very complete chain of evidence of their guilt has even at this time been welded. Further than this Mr. Jones would not speak, but said that when the proper time arrived he would give the press complete information. Civil as well as criminal proceedings will most likely be instituted against those who are even remotely connected with the steal. California Digital Newspaper Collection


THEFT AT THE MINT Conefession by James Heney 1896 This statement was made and signed by James Heney, before U.S. Attorney C.A. Jones, at the Nevada State Penitentary, April 20, 1896. Heney was later pardoned by the President:


Morning Appeal, Carson City November 16, 1905



 
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